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Medical Milestones for Adults

Preventive health care and understanding medical milestones in your life is important to maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality summarizes and provides clinical considerations from the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for adults. To see the full recommendations, click here.

Major preventive health milestones from the USPSTF are below:

Women

Condition

Testing frequency

Breast Cancer Mammogram every 2 years between the ages of 50 and 75. If you believe you are at high risk of breast cancer talk to your doctor about screening.
Cervical Cancer Pap smear every 1 to 3 years between the ages of 21 and 65.
High Cholesterol Check cholesterol regularly starting at age 45. If you are younger than 45, talk to your doctor about whether to have your cholesterol checked.
High Blood Pressure Check blood pressure at least every 2 years.
Colorectal Cancer Test for colorectal cancer between the ages of 50 and 75. Frequency depends on the type of testing performed.
Osteoporosis (Thinning of the Bones) Test bone density no more often than every two years beginning at age 65 to screen for osteoporosis. If you are not yet 65 but are post menopausal and smoke or weigh 154 lbs. or less, talk to your doctor about being tested.
Chlamydia and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Test for chlamydia if you are age 25 or younger and sexually active.

Men

Condition

Testing frequency

High Cholesterol Check cholesterol regularly starting at age 35. If you are younger than 35, talk to your doctor about whether to have your cholesterol checked.
High Blood Pressure Check blood pressure at least every 2 years.
Colorectal Cancer Test for colorectal cancer between the ages of 50 and 75. Frequency depends on the type of testing performed.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm If you are between the ages of 65 and 75 and have smoked 100 or more cigarettes during your lifetime, you need to be screened once for abdominal aortic aneurysm, which is an abnormally large or swollen blood vessel in your abdomen.

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