Medical Milestones for Kids
Preventative health care and understanding developmental milestones in your child’s life is important to healthy development. Below is a chart that will help guide you through some of your child’s developmental milestones. For more information, please visit www.healthychildren.org.
Some common milestones associated with child development include:
|Birth to 3 Months
- Smiles and shows pleasure in interactions with others.
- Tracks people and objects with eyes. Neck muscles continue to develop.
- Begins to lift head and is drawn to sound.
- Discovers own hands and feet. Will grasp objects such as other’s fingers.
|4 to 6 Months
- Can raise head high and lift body from lying on stomach.
- Rolls over both ways, scoots and bounces.
- Grasps objects and often puts things in mouth.
- Shows clear preference for parents and other caregivers.
- Smiles, laughs and imitates sounds.
- Begins to speak single (hard) consonants.
|7 to 12 Months
- May grow one or more teeth.
- Learns how to get around rooms. Can pull self up to stand and walk.
- Understands own name and other words caregivers use a lot.
- Begins to say first words.
- Sits up well unassisted.
- Likes to explore.
- Bangs toys together and shakes objects.
- Plays interactive games with caregiver such as peek-a-boo.
- Remembers familiar voices and identifies self in the mirror.
- Finds hidden toys.
- Uses fingers and thumb to pick up smaller objects.
- Generally sleeps through the night.
|1 to 2 Years
- Drinks from a cup. Feeds self.
- Waves good-bye.
- Vocabulary increases to around 10 words and may combine two-word phrases.
- Understands simple commands and ideas.
- Walking abilities improve.
- Recognizes self in mirror.
- Shows affection to caregivers.
- Holds and “loves” a stuffed toy. Starts to play make-believe.
- Enjoys stories.
|2 to 3.5 Years
- Climbs up steps alone while holding onto someone/something.
- Kicks balls.
- Likes to learn new things and asks frequent questions.
- Often has a short period of mild speech abnormalities.
- Acts out familiar scenes when playing.
- Knows own name.
|3.5 to 5 Years
- Puts on shirt. Needs help with shoes.
- Begins to be selective of what he/she wears.
- Learns to ride a tricycle.
- Develops greater balance.
- Can open doors.
- Speech gets clearer and talks a lot.
- Learns to count from 1 to 10.
- Learns primary colors.
- Recognizes gender differences.
- Holds and uses a pencil with good control and begins to draw simple shapes.
- Engages in conversations.
- Can sing a song.
- Can identify emotions.
- Enjoys companionship and playing with other children.
|5 to 8 Years
- Washes hands and brushes teeth on own.
- Curious about people and how the world works. Engages in make believe roles.
- More confident in physical skills such as skipping, walking on tiptoes, jumping and throwing a ball.
- Develops bigger sentences.
- Can dress and undress without supervision.
- Knows own address, phone number and can recite several nursery rhymes.
- Understands right and wrong.
- Understands rules in games.
- Plays with more kids and plays more cooperatively.
- Learns to skate and ride a bicycle.
- Learns to tell time.
- Reads for pleasure.
- Develops sense of humor.
- Learns how to take care of objects and takes on more responsibilities.